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CWNP CWNA-108 Exam Syllabus

CWNP CWNA-108 Exam

Certified Wireless Network Administrator Exam

Total Questions: 60

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CWNP CWNA-108 Exam Overview :

Exam Name Certified Wireless Network Administrator Exam
Exam Code CWNA-108
Official Information https://www.cwnp.com/certifications/cwna
See Expected Questions CWNP CWNA-108 Expected Questions in Actual Exam
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CWNP CWNA-108 Exam Topics :

Section Weight Objectives
1.0 Radio Frequency (RF) Technologies 15% 1.1 Define and explain the basic characteristics of RF and RF behavior(CHAPTER 2)
    •Wavelength, frequency, amplitude, phase, sine waves
    •RF propagation and coverage•Reflection, refraction, diffraction and scattering
    •Multipath and RF interference
    •Gain and loss
    •Amplification
    •Attenuation
    •Absorption
    •Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR)
    •Return Loss
    •Free Space Path Loss (FSPL)
    
1.2 Apply the basic concepts of RF mathematics and measurement(CHAPTER 3)
    •Watt and milliwatt
    •Decibel (dB)
    •dBm and dBi
    •Noise floor
    •SNR
    •RSSI
    •dBm to mW conversion rules of 10 and 3
    •Equivalent Isotropically Radiated Power (EIRP)
    
1.3 Identify RF signal characteristics as they relate to antennas(CHAPTER 4)
    •RF and physical line of sight and Fresnel zone clearance
    •Beamwidths
    •Passive gain
    •Polarization
    •Antenna diversity types
    •Radio chains
    •Spatial multiplexing (SM)
    •Transmit Beamforming (TxBF)
    •Maximal Ratio Combining (MRC)
    •MIMO
    
1.4 Explain and apply the functionality of RF antennas, antenna systems, and accessories available(CHAPTER 4)
    •Omni  -directional antennas
    •Semi-directional antennas
    •Highly directional antennas
    •Reading Azimuth and Elevation charts for different antenna types
    •Antenna orientation
    •RF cables and connectors
    •Lightning arrestors and grounding rods/wires
2.0 WLAN Regulations and Standards 20% 2.1 Explain the roles of WLAN and networking industry organizations (CHAPTER 1)
    •IEEE
    •Wi-Fi Alliance
    •IETF
    •Regulatory domains and agencies
    
2.2 Explain and apply the various Physical Layer (PHY) solutions of the IEEE 802.11-2016 standard as amended including supported channel widths, spatial streams, data rates(CHAPTER 5)
    •DSSS – 802.11
    •HR-DSSS – 802.11b
    •OFDM –   802.11a
    •ERP –   802.11g
    •Wi-Fi 4 - HT – 802.11n
    •Wi-Fi 5 - VHT –   802.11ac
    •Wi-Fi 6 - HE - 802.11ax
    
2.3 Understand spread spectrum technologies, Modulation and Coding Schemes (MCS)(CHAPTER 5)
    •DSSS
    •OFDM
    •OFDMA and Resource Units
    •BPSK
    •QPSK
    •QAM (16, 64, 256,1024)
    
2.4 Identify and apply 802.11 WLAN functional concepts(CHAPTER 5)
    •Primary channels
    •Adjacent overlapping and non-overlapping channels
    •Throughput vs. data rate
    •Bandwidth
    •Guard Interval
    
2.5 Describe the OSI model layers affected by the 802.11-2016 standard and amendments(CHAPTER 5)
2.6 Identify and comply with regulatory domain requirements and constraints (specifically in 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz)(CHAPTER 5)
    •Frequency bands used by the 802.11 PHYs
    •Available channels
    •Regulatory power constraints
    •Dynamic Frequency Selection (DFS)
    •Transmit Power Control (TPC)
    
2.7 Explain basic use case scenarios for 802.11 wireless networks(CHAPTER 5)
    •Wireless LAN (WLAN) – BSS and ESS
    •Wireless bridging
    •Wireless Ad-Hoc (IBSS)
    •Wireless Mesh
3.0 WLAN Protocols and Device 20% 3.1 Describe the components and functions that make up an 802.11 wireless service set(CHAPTER 5)
    •Stations (STAs)
    •Basic Service Set (BSS) (Infrastructure mode)
    •SSID•BSSID
    •Extended Service Set (ESS)
    •IBSS (Ad-Hoc)
    •Distribution System (DS)
    •Distribution System Media (DSM)
    
3.2 Define terminology related to the 802.11 MAC and PHY(CHAPTER 7)
    •MSDU, MPDU, PSDU, and PPDU
    •A-MSDU and A-MPDU
    •PHY preamble and header
    
3.3 Identify and explain the MAC frame format(CHAPTER 7)
    •MAC frame format
    •MAC addressing
    
3.4 Identify and explain the purpose of the three main 802.11 frame types(CHAPTER 7)
    •Management
    •Control
    •Data
    
3.5 Explain the process used to locate and connect to a WLAN(CHAPTER 7 and 8)
    •Scanning (active and passive)
    •Authentication
    •Association
    •Open System Authentication and Shared Key authentication
    •Connecting to 802.1X/EAP and Pre-Shared Key authentication networks
    •BSS selection
    •Connecting to hidden SSIDs
    
3.6 Explain 802.11 channel access methods(CHAPTER 8)
    •DCF
    •EDCA
    •RTS/CTS
    •CTS-to-Self
    •NAV
    •Interframe spaces (SIFS, DIFS, EIFS, AIFS)
    •Physical carrier sense and virtual carrier sense
    •Hidden node
    
3.7 Explain 802.11 MAC operations(CHAPTER 7 and 8)
    •Roaming
    •Power save modes and frame buffering
    •Protection mechanisms
    
3.8 Describe features of, select, and install WLAN devices, control, and management systems(CHAPTER 6)
    •Access Points (APs)
    •WLAN controllers
    •Wireless network management systems
    •Wireless bridge and mesh APs
    •Client devices
4.0 WLAN Network Architecture and Design Concepts 15% 4.1 Describe and implement Power over Ethernet (PoE) 802.3af, 802.3at, 802.3bt(CHAPTER 6)
    •Power Source Equipment
    •Powered Device
    •Midspan and endpoint PSEs
    •Power classes to include power differences between PSE and PD
    •Power budgets and powered port density
    
4.2 Define and describe differences, advantages and constraints of the different wireless LAN architectures(CHAPTER 9)
    •Centralized data forwarding
    •Distributed data forwarding
    •Control, Management and Data planes
    •Scalability and availability solutions
    •Tunneling, QoS and VLANs
    
4.3 Describe design considerations for common deployment scenarios in wireless such as coverage requirements, roaming considerations, throughput, capacity and security (CHAPTER 10)
    •Design considerations for data
    •Design considerations for voice
    •Design considerations for video
    •Design considerations for location services including Real-Time LocationServices (RTLS)
    •Design considerations for highly mobile devices (e.g. tablets and smartphones)
    •Capacity planning for high and very high-density environments
    •Design considerations for guest access/BYOD
    •Design considerations for supporting legacy 802.11 devices
    
4.4 Demonstrate awareness of common proprietary features in wireless networks(CHAPTER 10)
    •AirTime Fairness
    •Band steering
    •Dynamic power and channel management features
    
4.5 Determine and configure required network services supporting the wireless network(CHAPTER 10)
    •DHCP for client addressing, AP addressing and/or controller discovery
    •DNS for address resolution for clients and APs
    •Time synchronization protocols (e.g. NTP, SNTP)
    •VLANs for segmentation•Authentication services (e.g. RADIUS, LDAP)
    •Access Control Lists for segmentation
    •Wired network capacity requirements
5.0 WLAN Network Security 10% 5.1 Identify weak security options that should not be used in enterprise WLANs(CHAPTER 11)
    •WEP
    •Shared Key authentication
    •SSID hiding as a security mechanism
    •MAC filtering
    •Use of deprecated security methods (e.g. WPA and/or WPA2 with TKIP)
    •Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS)
    
5.2 Identify and configure effective security mechanisms for enterprise WLANs(CHAPTER 11)
    •Application of AES with CCMP for encryption and integrity
    •WPA2-Personal including limitations and best practices for pre-shared (PSK) use
    •WPA2-Enterprise -configuring wireless networks to use 802.1X includingconnecting to RADIUS servers and appropriate EAP methods
    
5.3 Understand basic concepts of WPA3 and Opportunistic Wireless Encryption (OWE) and enhancements compared to WPA2 (CHAPTER 11)
    •Understand basic security enhancements in WPA3 vs. WPA2
    •Understand basic security enhancements of encryption and integrity in WPA3(e.g. CCMP, GCMP, AES)
    •Simultaneous Authentication of Equals (SAE) in WPA3 as an enhancement forlegacy pre-shared key technology
    •Understand the purpose of Opportunistic Wireless Encryption (OWE) for publicand guest networks
    
5.4 Describe common security options and tools used in wireless networks(CHAPTER 11)
    •Access control solutions (e.g. captive portals, NAC, BYOD)
    •Protected management frames•Fast Secure Roaming methods
    •Wireless Intrusion Prevention System (WIPS) and/or rogue AP detection
    •Protocol and spectrum analyzers
    •Best practices in secure management protocols (e.g. encrypted managementHTTPS, SNMPv3, SSH2, VPN and password management)
6.0 RF Validation 10% 6.1 Verify and document that design requirements are met including coverage, throughput, roaming, and connectivity with a   post-implementation validation survey (CHAPTER 12)
6.2 Locate and identify sources of RF interference (CHAPTER 12)
    •Identify RF disruption from 802.11 wireless devices including contention vs.interference and causes/sources of both including co-channel contention (CCC),overlapping channels, and 802.11 wireless device proximity
    •Identify sources of RF interference from non-802.11 wireless devices based on theinvestigation of airtime and frequency utilization
    •Understand interference mitigation options including removal of interferencesource or change of wireless channel usage
    
6.3 Perform application testing to validate WLAN performance(CHAPTER 12)
    •Network and service availability
    •VoIP testing
    •Real-time application testing
    •Throughput testing
    
6.4 Understand and use the basic features of validation tools(CHAPTER 12)
    •Use of throughput testers for validation tasks
    •Use of wireless validation software (specifically survey software and wirelessscanners)
    •Use of protocol analyzers for validation tasks•Use of spectrum analyzers for validation tasks
7.0 WLAN Troubleshooting 10% 7.1 Describe and apply common troubleshooting tools used in WLANs(CHAPTER 13)
    •Use of protocol analyzers for troubleshooting tasks
    •Use of spectrum analyzers for identifying sources of interference
    •Use of management, monitoring and logging systems for troubleshooting tasks
    •Use of wireless LAN scanners for troubleshooting tasks
    
7.2 Identify and troubleshoot common wireless issues(CHAPTER 13)
    •Identify causes of insufficient throughput in the wireless distribution systemsincluding LAN port speed/duplex misconfigurations, insufficient PoE budget,and insufficient Internet or WAN bandwidth
    •Identify and solve RF interference using spectrum analyzers
    •Identify wireless performance issues using SNR, retransmissions, and airtimeutilization statistics
    •Identify causes of wireless issues related to network services including DHCP,DNS, and time protocols including using native interface and IP configurationtools (e.g. pings, DNS lookups, interface configuration)
    •Identify wireless issues related to security configuration mismatches

Updates in the CWNP CWNA-108 Exam Syllabus:

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